Speaking Dynamics

Ideally students have heard some of or all of these words used in their study of music, even if briefly. If they haven’t heard these words often, say each one and let them say them back to you until you feel certain they can pronounce them well. Repeat certain words as needed.


pp             pianissimo               pee a nee' see mo                  very soft (quiet, whisper)

p               piano                       (we know this one!)                 soft (quiet)

mp            mezzo piano           met' zo pee a' no                     medium soft (quiet)

mf             mezzo forte             met' zo for' tay                        medium loud (strong)

f                 forte                         for' tay                                      loud (strong)

ff               fortissimo                 for tee' see mo                        very loud (strong)